Language Statistics

  Canada’s 11 Provinces & 2 Territories

Census 2011:

A Linguistics Analysis

On May 10, 2011, 33,476,688 people were enumerated in the 2011 Census of Population.

Language most often spoken at home 

English:

21,457,065 (64.10%)

French/Canada:

6,827,850 (20.40%)

French/Quebec:      

6,249,080 (91.5%)

French Spoken Outside Quebec:      

578,770 (8.5%)

Non – official languages:  

3,673,860 (10.97%)

Bilingual Citizens (English & French):      

127,605 (0.38%)

 

ONTARIO

12,851,821 citizens (38.40% of Canada’s total population)

 Language most often spoken at home 

English:

10,044,810 (78.16%)

French:

284,115 (2.21%)

Non – official languages:

1,827,870 (14.22%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens

37,955 (0.30%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens:

509,105 (3.96%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens:

6,370 (0.05%)

 

ONTARIO’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

French speakers => 284,115. Non – official languages: 1,827,870 (14.22%)

(Census 2011)/ French speakers => 284,115.

 

 

Cantonese =>

147,795 (8.1%)

Chinese =>    

135,665 (7.4%)    

Punjabi =>      

124,100 (6.8%)    

Spanish =>    

106,735 (5.8%)    

Mandarin =>    

96,610 (5.3%)      

Italian =>        

88,835 (4.9%)    

Tamil =>          

83,645 (4.6%)      

Urdu =>          

83,520 (4.6%)

Arabic =>        

76,410 (4.2%)

Portuguese =>

70,210 (3.8%)

Persian =>        

69,200 (3.8%)    

Tagalog =>      

65,225 (3.4%)  

Russian =>      

64,425 (3.5%)    

Polish =>          

60,730 (3.3%)  

Vietnamese =>

47,355 (2.6%)

Korean =>      

47,245 (2.6%)

Gujarati =>      

42,445 (2.3%)

German =>      

39,180 (2.1%)

Bengali =>      

26,895 (1.5%)

Serbian =>      

26,000 (1.4%)

Hindi =>          

24,650 (1.3%)

Greek =>          

23,590 (1.3%)

Romanian =>  

22,845 (1.2%)

Somali =>        

15,450 (0.85%)

Hungarian =>    

15,440 (0.84%)

Ukrainian =>    

15,240 (0.83%)

Croatian =>      

13,185(0.72%)

Turkish =>        

10,395 (0.57%)

 

QUEBEC’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 554,400 (7.02%) (Census 2011)

 

Spanish =>        

88,380   (15.9%)  

Arabic =>          

72,955 (13.2%)

Italian =>          

39,540   (7.1%)    

Chinese =>        

33,890 (6.1%)      

Romanian =>  

22,790   (4.1%)  

Vietnamese =>

20,740 (3.7%)

Greek =>            

20,060 (3.6%)      

Creoles =>          

19,430 (3.5%)

Russian =>        

18,465   (3.3%)    

Portuguese =>

16,015 (2.9%)      

Persian =>        

14,380   (2.6%)

Tamil =>            

11,270 (2.0%)

Armenian =>    

10980 (2.0%)

Mandarin =>        

9,325 (1.7%)

Bengali =>          

8,285 (1.5%)

Punjabi =>          

8,345 (1.5%)

Cantonese =>      

8,340 (1.5%)

Tagalog =>          

7,280 (1.3%)

Urdu =>              

7,125 (1.3%)

Polish =>          

6,955 (1.3%)

 

(The Top 20 most spoken languages in Quebec)

BRITISH COLUMBIA

 4,000,057 citizens (11.95% of Canada’s total population)

 Language most often spoken at home

English:

3,506,595 (87.66%)

French:

16,685 (0.42%)

Non – official languages:

670,100 (16.75%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens:

4,700 (0.12%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens:

155,065 (3.9%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens:

930 (0.02%)

 

BRITISH COLUMBIA’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

 Non – official languages: 670,100 (16.75%) (Census 2011)

 

Punjabi =>        

137,390 (20.5%)

Cantonese =>

103,550 (15.5%)  

Chinese =>        

81,270   (12.1%)    

Mandarin =>    

78,070 (11.7%)

Korean =>          

38,810   (5.8%)    

Tagalog =>        

29,380 (4.4%)      

Persian =>        

24,750     (3.7%)  

Spanish =>        

20,585   (3.1%)    

Vietnamese =>

17,270   (2.6%)  

Hindi =>            

12,390 (1.8%)    

Russian =>        

12,205     (1.8%)

German =>        

11,555   (1.7%)

Japanese     =>  

9,540     (1.4%)

Arabic =>            

7,640   (1.1%)

Polish =>              

6,395     (0.95%)

Italian =>              

6,250   (0.93%)

Urdu =>                  

5,430     (0.81%)

Portuguese =>      

5,195   (0.78%)

Romanian =>        

4,155     (0.62%)

Serbian =>            

4,020   (0.60%)

(The Top 20 most spoken languages in British Columbia)

Foreign Languages Compared To Ethnic French Speakers

British Columbia

French speakers => 16,685

Punjabi =>      

137,390     (8 to 1)  

Cantonese =>  

103,550     (6 to 1)  

Chinese =>        

81,270     (4 to 1)  

Mandarin =>      

78,070     (4 to 1)

Korean =>          

38,810     (2 to 1)

Tagalog =>        

29,380     (76% higher)

Persian =>        

24,750     (48% higher)

Spanish =>        

20,585     (23% higher)

Vietnamese =>  

17,270     (3.5% higher)

Persian =>        

24,750     (48% higher)

Spanish =>        

20,585     (23% higher)

 

ALBERTA

 3,645,257 citizens (10.89% of Canada’s total population)

Language most often spoken at home

English:

3,095,250 (84.91%)

French

24,690 (0.68%)

Non – official languages:

379,550 (10.41%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens:

4,945 (0.14%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens:

102,995 (2.8%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens:

1,115 (0.03%)

 

 

ALBERTA’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 379,550 (10.41%) (Census 2011)

French: 24,690

 

Punjabi =>      

38,215 (10.1%)  

German =>      

35,485 (9.3%)    

Tagalog =>      

33,190 (8.7%)    

Chinese =>      

32,395 (8.5%)    

Spanish =>      

27,405 (7.2%)    

Cantonese =>  

24,790 (6.5%)    

Arabic =>        

16,655 (4.4%)  

Vietnamese =>

15,080 (4.0%)    

Mandarin =>    

14,910 (3.9%)    

Urdu =>            

13,740 (3.6%)  

Korean =>        

10,340 (2.7%)

Russian =>        

8,360 (2.2%)

Polish =>          

7,935 (2.1%)

Persian =>        

7,260 (1.9%)

Hindi   =>        

6,955 (1.8%)

Italian =>          

6,605 (1.4%)

Gujarati =>      

5,040 (1.3%)

Somali =>        

5,110 (1.1%)

Romanian =>    

3,735 (0.98%)

Amharic =>      

3,555 (0.94%)

Bengali =>        

3,540 (0.93%)

Italian =>        

3,235 (0.85%)

 

(The Top 22 most spoken languages in Alberta)

Foreign Languages Compared To Ethnic French Speakers

 Alberta

French speakers  24,690

Punjabi =>        

38,215 (55% higher)

German =>      

35,485 (44% higher)

Tagalog =>      

33,190 (34% higher)  

Chinese =>      

32,395 (31% higher)  

Spanish =>      

27,405 (11% higher)  

Cantonese =>  

24,790 (0.41% higher)

MANITOBA

1,208,268 citizens (3.61% of Canada’s total population) 

Language most often spoken at home 

 

English:

1,007,325 (83.37%)

French:

17,950 (1.49%)

Non – official languages:

125,280 (10.37%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens:

2,485 (0.21%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens:

38,935 (3.22%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens:

635 (0.05%)

 

MANITOBA’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 125,280 (10.37%) (Census 2011)

French: 17,950

German =>       27,180 (21.7%)

Cantonese =>     2,330 (1.9%)

Tagalog =>       18,775 (15.0%)

Korean =>         2,265 (1.8%)

Punjabi =>         7,360 (5.9%)  

Arabic   =>         1,935 (1.5%)

Chinese =>         5,730 (4.6%)  

Mandarin =>       1,845 (1.5%)

Spanish =>         5,465 (4.4%)  

Italian =>          1,190 (0.95%)

Russian =>         4,010 (3.2%)  

Persian =>         1,100 (0.88%)

Ukrainian =>     2,640 (2.1%)  

Urdu   =>             990 (0.79%)

Portuguese =>   2,490 (2.0%)  

Amharic =>           800 (0.64%)

Vietnamese => 2,480 (2.0%)  

Gujarati =>           755 (0.60%)

Polish =>           2,475 (2.0%)  

Hindi =>                 750 (0.60%)

 

(The Top 20 most spoken languages in Manitoba)

 

Foreign Languages Compared To Ethnic French Speakers

 

French speakers: 17,950

German =>       27

180 (51% higher)

Tagalog =>       18

775 (4.6% higher)

 

SASKATCHEWAN

 

1,033,381 citizens (3.09% of Canada’s total population)

 

Language most often spoken at home

 

English: 938,170 (90.79%)

French: 4,295 (0.42%)

Non – official languages: 59,240 (5.73%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens: 855 (0.08%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 15,360 (1.49%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 205 (0.02%)

SASKATCHEWAN’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 59,240 (5.73%) (Census 2011)

French: 4,295

German =>         7,925 (13.4%)

Mandarin =>         1,100 (1.9%)

Tagalog =>         5,645 (9.5%)  

Cantonese =>       1,065 (1.8%)

Chinese =>         3,690 (6.2%)  

Bengali =>             1,000 (1.7%)

Urdu =>             2,405 (4.1%)  

Korean =>                 955 (1.6%)

Ukrainian =>     1,635 (2.8%)  

Persian =>                 655 (1.1%)

Spanish =>         1,590 (2.7%)  

Sino – Tibetan=>       535 (0.90%)

Arabic   =>       1,380 (2.3%)  

Afrikaans =>               470 (0.79%)

Punjabi =>         1,305 (2.2%)  

Hindi =>                     470 (0.79%)

Russian =>         1,290 (2.2%)

Gujarati =>                 385 (0.65%)

Vietnamese => 1,270 (2.1%)

Semitic languages => 375 (0.63%)

(The Top 20 most spoken languages in Saskatchewan)

Foreign Languages Compared To Ethnic French Speakers

French speakers: 4,295

 

German =>        

7,925 (84.5% higher)

Tagalog =>        

5,645 (31.4% higher)

 

NOVA SCOTIA

921,727 citizens (2.75% of Canada’s total population)

 

Language most often spoken at home 

 

English: 868,765 (94.25%)

French: 15,935 (1.73%)

Non – official languages: 18,510 (2.01%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens: 1,815 (0.20%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 5,295 (0.57%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 115 (0.01%)

 

NOVA SCOTIA’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 18,510 (2.01%) (Census 2011)

French: 15,935

Arabic   =>   3,495 (18.9%)  

Urdu =>                 320 (1.7%)

Chinese =>   1,985 (10.7%)  

Vietnamese =>     280 (1.5%)

German =>   1,170 (6.3%)    

Greek =>               270 (1.5%)

Persian =>       935 (5.1%)    

Polish =>               255 (1.4%)

Spanish =>       775 (4.2%)    

Bengali =>               230 (1.2%)

Mandarin =>     660 (3.6%)    

Hindi =>                 215 (1.2%)

Korean =>         560 (3.0%)  

Nepali =>                 210 (1.1%)

Tagalog =>      550 (3.0%)  

Sign Languages => 195 (1.1%)

Russian =>       510 (2.8%)  

Dutch =>                 190 (1.0%)

Cantonese =>   320 (1.7%)  

Punjabi =>               180 (0.97%)

 

(The Top 20 most spoken languages in Nova Scotia)

NEW BRUNSWICK

 

751,171 citizens (2.24% of Canada’s total population)

 Language most often spoken at home 

English: 512,110 (68.17%)

French: 209,885 (27.94%)

Non – official languages: 9,310 (1.24%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens: 6,235 (0.83%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 2,020 (0.27%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 175 (0.02%)

   

NEW BRUNSWICK’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 9,310 (1.24%) (Census 2011)

French: 209,885

 

Korean =>       1580 (17.0%)

Russian =>               220 (2.4%)

Chinese =>       845 (9.1%)  

Dutch =>                 180 (1.9%)

Arabic   =>       730   (7.8%)

Sign Languages => 165 (1.8%)

Spanish =>       595 (6.4%)  

Cantonese =>         130 (1.4%)

German =>       490 (5.3%)  

Hindi =>                   125 (1.3%)

Mandarin =>     325 (3.5%)

Urdu =>                   120 (1.3%)

Persian =>         320 (3.4%)

Bengali =>               105 (1.1%)

Tagalog =>       280 (3.0%)  

Italian =>                 90 (0.97%)

Romanian =>   265 (2.8%)  

Serbian =>                 90 (0.97%)

Vietnamese => 235 (2.5%)  

Nepali =>                   85 (0.91%)

 

(The Top 20 most spoken languages in New Brunswick)

NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR

 514,546 citizens (1.54% of Canada’s total population)

 Language most often spoken at home 

English: 502,475 (97.65%) French: 1,140 (0.22%)

Non – official languages: 5,000 (0.97%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens: 240 (0.05%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 1,035 (0.20%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 10 (0.002%)

 

 

NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 5,000 (0.22%) (Census 2011)

French: 1,140

Chinese =>             580 (11.6%)

Albanian =>           75 (1.5%)

Arabic   =>             365 (7.3%)  

Persian =>             65 (1.3%)

Spanish =>             215 (4.3%)  

Nepali =>               55 (1.1%)

Sign Languages => 150 (3.0%)  

Punjabi =>             55 (1.1%)

Mandarin =>           125 (2.5%)  

German =>             45 (0.90%)

Russian =>             120 (2.4%)    

Afrikaans =>         40 (0.80%)

Bengali =>             100 (2.0%)  

Korean =>               40 (0.80%)

Cantonese =>         100 (2.0%)  

Polish =>                 40 (0.80%)

Urdu =>                   95 (1.9%)  

Tamil =>                 35 (0.70%)

Tagalog =>               90 (1.8%)  

Telugu =>               35 (0.70%)

 

(The Top 20 most spoken languages in Newfoundland & Labrador)

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

 

140,204 citizens (0.42% of Canada’s total population)

 

Language most often spoken at home 

English: 132,200 (94.29%)

French: 2,465 (1.76%)

Non – official languages: 2,925 (2.09%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens: 270 (0.19%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 545 (0.39%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 15 (0.01%)

 

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 2,925 (1.24%) (Census 2011)

French: 2,465

Chinese =>   1,080   (36.9%)

Cantonese =>     70 (2.4%)

Mandarin =>   245     (8.4%)

Russian =>         70 (2.4%)

Spanish =>     125     (4.3%)

Tagalog =>         65 (2.2%)

Persian =>       165   (5.6%)  

Hungarian =>     30 (1.0%)

Arabic   =>     120   (4.1%)

Japanese =>       30 (1.0%)

Korean =>       115   (3.9%)

Sinhalese =>       30 (1.0%)

Dutch =>           90   (3.1%)

Sino Tibetan => 30 (1.0%)

Nepali =>           90   (3.1%)

Vietnamese =>   30 (1.0%)

Albanian =>       80   (2.7%)

Somali =>           25 (0.85%)

German =>       80   (2.7%)

Telugu =>           25 (0.85%)

(The Top 20 most spoken languages in Prince Edward Island)

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES

41,462 citizens (0.14% of Canada’s total population)

Language most often spoken at home

English: 36,485 (88.00%)

French: 550 (1.33%)

Non – official languages: 3,615 (9.91%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens: 45 (0.11%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 330 (0.80%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 0 (0.00%)

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 3,615 (9.91%) (Census 2011)

French: 550

Tagalog =>       295 (8.2%)    

Bengali =>                         25 (0.69%)

Vietnamese => 145 (4.0%)    

Bisayan Languages =>     25 (0.69%)

Arabic   =>       100 (2.8%)    

Creoles =>                       25 (0.69%)

Chinese =>         65 (1.8%)    

German =>                       25 (0.69%)

Armenian =>     50 (1.4%)    

Ilocano =>                       25 (0.69%)

Cantonese =>     50 (1.4%)    

Urdu =>                           25 (0.69%)

Spanish =>        40 (1.1%)      

Gujarati =>                     15 (0.41%)

Mandarin =>     30 (0.83%)    

Hindi =>                           15 (0.41%)

Russian =>       30 (0.83%)    

Nepali =>                         15 (0.41%)

Bengali =>         25 (0.69%)  

Amharic =>                       10 (0.28%)

(The Top 20 most spoken languages in The North West Territories)

NUNAVUT

31,906 citizens (0.10% of Canada’s total population)

Language most often spoken at home

Aboriginal Languages: 16,520 (51.78%)

Inuktitut: 16,490 (51.68%) Innu/Montagnais: 20 (0.12%)

Cree: 5 (0.03%)/Dene: 5 (0.03%)

English: 14,440 (45.26%)

French: 245 (0.77%)

Non – official languages: 3,630 (11.38%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 5 (0.02%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 250 (0.78%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 5 (0.02%)

 

NUNAVUT’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 3,630 (11.38%) (Census 2011)

French: 245

Tagalog =>               60   (1.7%)    

Bisayan =>     5   (0.14%)

Spanish =>               20   (0.55%)   languages

Chinese =>               10   (0.28%)  

Cantonese => 5 (0.14%)

Mandarin =>           10   (0.28%)  

German =>      5 (0.14%)

Polish =>                 10   (0.28%)  

Hindi =>           5 (0.14%)

Sign Languages => 10   (0.28%)  

Punjabi =>       5 (0.14%)

Afrikaans =>             5   (0.14%)  

Romanian =>   5 (0.14%)

Arabic =>                 5   (0.14%)

                                                                    

(The Top 14 most spoken languages in The North West Territories)

YUKON TERRITORIES

 

33,897 citizens (0.10% of Canada’s total population)

English: 31,025 (91.53%)

French: 815 (2.40%)

Non – official languages: 1,240 (3.66%)

Bilingual (English& French) speaking citizens: 110 (0.32%)

Bilingual (English + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 445 (1.31%)

Bilingual (French + a foreign language) speaking citizens: 5 (0.01%)

YUKON TERRITORIES’S ETHNIC SPEAKERS (language most often spoken at home)

Non – official languages: 1,240 (3.66%) (Census 2011)

French: 815

Tagalog =>       240 (19.4%)    

Japanese =>   20   (1.6%)

German =>       215 (17.3%)    

Arabic =>       15   (1.2%)

Spanish =>       100   (8.1%)    

Korean =>       15   (1.2%)

Chinese =>       85     (6.9%)    

Tamil =>         15   (1.2%)

Cantonese =>   75     (6.0%)    

Bengali =>     10 (0.81%)

Punjabi     =>   60     (4.8%)  

Dutch =>         10 (0.81%)

Vietnamese => 55     (4.4%)  

Hindi =>         10 (0.81%)

Russian =>       40     (3.2%)  

Hungarian => 10 (0.81%)

Bisayan =>       30     (2.4%)  

Ilocano =>     10 (0.81%)

Mandarin =>     25     (2.0%)  

Urdu =>         10 (0.81%)

(The Top 20 most spoken languages in The Yukon Territories)

 

TOP 40 FOREIGN LANGUAGES SPOKEN AT HOME (1 – 20)

 

Spanish                     

319,825                      

Urdu              

113,795          

Punjabi                     

317,085                   

   Russian         

109,745

Chinese*                  

297,290                     

Vietnamese

104,955

Cantonese                

288,620                  

    Korean          

104,890

Mandarin                  

203,280                    

Tamil            

98,945

Arabic                        

181,785                     

Portuguese   

97,160          

Tagalog                     

161,075                     

Polish            

85,210          

Italian                                   

139,470                     

Guajarati      

55,730          

German                     

126,380                     

Romanian     

54,460                     

Persian                      

118,840                     

Greek                        

47,700          

TOP 40 FOREIGN LANGUAGES SPOKEN AT HOME (21 – 40)

 

 

Hindi              47,075                      

Turkish          18,700

            Bengali          42,080                      

Albanian        13,760

            Serbian          34,890                      

Dutch            11,525

            Ukrainian      25,555                      

Amharic        10,770

            Creoles          25,485                      

Pashto            8,700

            Somali           21,660                      

Hebrew          8,395

            Hungarian      21,135                     

Macedonian   7,770

            Armenian      19,130                     

Sinhalese       6,855

            Japanese        18,840                      

Slovak             5,375

            Croatian         18,730                      

Telugu             5,215

 

Conclusion

2011 Census: Top 25 foreign languages spoken at home: 3,282,090 (89.66%)

2011 Census: Top 40 foreign languages spoken at home: 3,397,885 (92.8%)

        

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